There are several reasons why a tooth extraction is needed for a patient. It is generally advised by a dentist when no other treatment is possible to cure or restore the tooth.
Before extraction, your dentist may like to know about your medical history, and do a complete checkup to prevent any risks that may otherwise be unavoidable. Be sure to communicate any chronic diseases that you are suffering from to make the treatment plan effective.
When is a tooth extraction done?
- Severe damage or decay due to infection: When tooth infection due to bacteria in the pulp is so severe that no antibiotics or a root canal procedure can correct it, the tooth is extracted to prevent further infection to the nearby areas. Dental caries are one of the main reasons for such an infection.
- For orthodontic treatment: Proper alignment of the tooth at certain times is not possible if the mouth is too crowded. At such times, dentists recommend a tooth extraction to work on the right alignment of the tooth.
- Gum diseases: A severe infection in the tissues and bone structure of the nearby areas that loosen the tooth calls for an extraction.
- Impacted wisdom tooth: An infected wisdom tooth that has an impact on the surrounding teeth is also removed.
- Other reasons: Supernumerary, supplemental, malformed or fractured teeth are reasons for extraction. Also, when undergoing certain medical procedures like radiotherapy, chemotherapy or an organ transplant may call for the extraction of some teeth as well.
Teeth can be extracted through simple or surgical extraction procedures.
- In a simple extraction, the tooth is elevated using an elevator, and then, typically under local anesthesia, is pulled out using dental forceps.
- Surgical Extractions involve incision, and are performed under general anesthesia. It is done mainly when the tooth cannot be accessed easily.
After the extraction:
Post-extraction, antibiotics and painkillers are prescribed depending on the condition of the patient, and a gauge is placed in the area to be bitten firmly to reduce bleeding. Certain activities like smoking, rinsing, spitting, brushing and sipping with a straw should be avoided for the next few hours. Ice packs to the cheek reduce swelling. A light and soft diet is recommended.
Today, modern dental technology has made the tooth extraction process quite simple, fast and comfortable than ever before.
For more information on Extractions, you can reach us at (289) 271-0202